The malignant tumor that occurs in the urinary bladder is referred to as bladder cancer. The disease mostly seen in middle aged people and is more prominent in men. The bladder is a bag like structure in the pelvic region which stores urine until it is removed to the outside of the body. When cancerous cells develop, there are problems in urinating. Common symptoms include blood in urine, pain while passing urine and change in its coloration. There can be other reasons for these symptoms too but these are the main symptoms for this type of cancer.
One of the most serious after effects of bladder cancer is the spread of the cancer to other parts of the body. This can cause a very critical condition. Post-surgery, anemia may be observed in the patient. Urinary inconsistencies are also known to prolong in the patient. The urine is brought to the bladder from the kidneys through ureters which are tube like structure. If a tumor has developed, it may lead to a blockage in these tubes. This can also cause a swelling. Subsequently, the drainage of liquid waste into the bladder for absorption and storage in the body becomes restricted. Medically this condition is referred to as hydronephrosis. A contrary condition can occur, where the ureters narrow down abnormally. This forms a urethral stricture which is another kind of complication. Urologist in Jaipur
Among the various types, the most common type of cancerous development is the urothelial carcinoma. This is transitional cell carcinoma which is recorded in most patients, almost in 90 percent cases. The other types are Squamous cell carcinoma and Adenocarcinoma which are less commonly seen. All these types of bladder cancers respond differently to treatment and hence, they need to be addressed with special medical techniques. Kidney Stone Surgeon in Jaipur
The main ways of treatment are surgery, radiation, chemotherapy which is performed for regular cancerous tumors and immunotherapy. The body is tested and examined for the presence of bladder cancer. This can be done through the blood test and urine test. X-rays of the pelvic region are also taken for records. In men, the doctor may also suggest an anal x-ray and in women, the vaginal x-ray may be suggested. There are special healthcare experts known as bladder specialist who deal with medical problems and cancers of the bladder.