The Koran vs. The Bible
A Comparison of the Christian Scriptures with the Teachings of Muhammad
Islam claims 1/5 of the world population.* Over 80,000 U.S. foreign exchange students are Muslim. To win them to Christ we should have a basic understanding of their beliefs.
On the Godhead
|Islam is monotheistic (Koran 3:64). The first phrase in the Declaration of the Faith states:|
Islam rejects the concept of the Trinity. The Koran misrepresents the teaching of Christianity regarding the Godhead, claiming Christians believe in “three Gods” – Father, Mother, and Son. (Sura 5:116, 5:73-75; cp. (Koran 5:114)
|In the account of creation recorded in the book of Genesis, God speaks plurally of His own Person. (Genesis 1:26, 27; cp. Genesis 3:22; 11:7; Isaiah 6:3, 8)|
The Christian Scriptures, both New and Old Testaments, teach that the Godhead consists of three persons in one: the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.
Isaiah 11:2 “…the Spirit… the Lord… Him”
See also http://www.dianedew.com/godhead.htm
|Muhammad was not divine but the last of the prophets – the very one predicted in Moses’ day:|
Jesus was not divine, but merely a prophet.
|Jesus claimed to be God. He accepted worship, forgave sins, lived a sinless life, possessed all the attributes of God, and raised himself from the dead.|
On the Deity of Jesus Christ
|Islam considers Jesus a prophet just like Moses, Abraham, and Noah.  Mohammad and the Arabs are descendants of Ishmael, which Islam claims Jesus said by their interpretation of Matthew 21:42-44 would supersede the Israelite nation.  |
Islam rejects the divinity of Jesus Christ:
|Jesus was more than a prophet. He is God. (Matthew 17:5; Mark 1:1; Luke 1:35; Philippians 2:6; Hebrews 1:8; 1 John 4:15)|
“He was God manifest in the flesh” (1 Timothy 3:16), “for in Him dwells all the fullness of the Godhead bodily.” (Colossians 2:9) God was in Christ” (2 Corinthians 5:19), Who is “the brightness of His glory, and the express image of His person…” (Hebrews 1:3)
By the names attributed to him in Scripture – “Alpha and Omega,” “Immanuel” (meaning, God With Us), “My Lord and my God,” “etc. – the deity of Jesus Christ is seen.
Jesus Christ possessed all the attributes of God: omniscience, omnipresence, omnipotence, immutability, etc. See also http://www.dianedew.com/deity.htm
| God has no sons:|| The Father declared Jesus to be His Son:|
Jesus himself claimed to be the Son of God:
The angel declared Jesus the Son of God:
Even demons confessed Jesus the Son of God:
Many others professed or addressed Jesus as the Son of God – and were not rebuked for it:
The gospel writers, inspired by the Holy Spriit, testified of Jesus’ Sonship:
Jesus’ Sonship – his relationship with the Father – was the subject of preaching in the early church:
Unbelievers – and Satan himself – challenged Jesus’ Sonship:
Confessing Jesus is the Son of God is essential to salvation: 1 John 4:15; cp. Acts 8:37; 1 John 5:5, 10, 12, 13 (See also: John 5:25; 9:35; 11:4; 20:31; Romans 1:4; 2 Corinthians 1:19; Galatians 2:20; Ephesians 4:13; Hebrews 4:14; 6:6; 10:29; 1 John 3:8; 5:20; Revelation 2:18)
All who profess the Lordship of Jesus Christ are adopted sons of God: John 1:12; 3:18; Phl 2:15; 1 John 3:1, 2
|Jesus Christ was a created being.||Jesus Christ was pre-existent to creation.|
Genesis 1:26; 3:22; 11:7 (“…us…our…our…”)
|The virgin birth:|
Islam and Christianity agree that Jesus miraculously was born of a virgin.
(Koran 19:16-26; Isaiah 7:14)
|Islam rejects the doctrine of original sin.||The Bible teaches man is born into sin.|
|Salvation comes only through Allah. Only those who obey Allah and Mohammed his prophet can enter into Heaven:||Salvation comes only through Jesus Christ:|
Also see: John 8:24; 14:6; 10:1-2, 9; Acts 4:12; Revelation 5:1-9; 1 John 2:22, 23; Isaiah 43:11; Hosea 13:4; 1 Timothy 2:5
Also see http://www.dianedew.com/salvatn.htm
|Islam denies the crucifixion of Jesus. Jesus never died:||Jesus died and rose again.|
Also see http://www.dianedew.com/resurctn.htm
|Salvation must be earned: |
By good works:
The only sure way to make it to heaven is for a Muslim to die in a jihad (“holy war”).
|Salvation comes only by faith, through grace:|
|On divine providence:||Man has free will.|
On Eternal Judgment
Those who kill or are killed by unbelievers will return to the garden of Paradise (Koran 9:111), where they will enjoy many lustful pleasures – sex with virgins, pleasant food and drink, etc.:
Those who have believed on the Lord Jesus Christ and submitted their lives to his Lordship will enjoy eternal bliss in heaven, where there will be no pain or sorrow, no disease or death.
| On Hell:||On Hell:|
Those who reject Jesus Christ will suffer eternal torments in hell.
|The Genesis account should not be taken literally, as it contains discrepancies. The earth is billions of years old.|
Creation took eight days, it says in Surah 41:9, 10, 12. Surah 10:3, however, states creation took six days.
|A literal interpretation of Scripture indicates the earth is only a few thousand years old.|
God created the universe in six days and rested on the seventh day. (Genesis 1:1 to 2:2)
|The universe was produced by a “big bang” (Koran 21:30), produced by a kind of gas. (Koran 41:11)|
The Koran states God created every living thing from water. (Koran 21:30; 24:45)
|“In the beginning, God” (Genesis 1:1) alone existed.|
God spoke the universe into existence by a word.
|The Creator did not rest: “We created the heavens and the earth and all between them in six days, nor did any sense of weariness touch us.” (Koran 50:38)||God rested on the seventh day: “For in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, and on the seventh day he rested, and was refreshed.” (Exodus 31:17).|
On The Word of God
|One of the 5 tenets to which Muslims must adhere is a belief in the 4 inspired books – the Torah (5 books of Moses), Zabur (the psalms), lnjil (the gospel), and Koran. The Christian Scriptures are incomplete without the Koran. |
In addition to the Koran, Muslims look to the Sunna (sayings of Muhammad), for inspiration. This collection is called the Hadith.
|Adding to God’s Word has serious consequences. (Deuteronomy 4:2; 12:32; Proverbs 30:6; Revelation 22:18)|
|On authorship and inspiration:|
The Koran claims divine authorship and inspiration:
The Koran contains no human words:
|On authorship and inspiration:|
The New Testament undeniably declares the inspiration of the Old Testament (the contents of which the Koran denies):
See also: http://www.dianedew.com/wrtnword.htm
Islam claims the Koran is without contradiction:
However, see http://www.rim.org/muslim/quranproblems.htm
Islam denies that any words of the Koran have been altered. However, the Koran contains many textual variants. (It’s not in its original form.) See http://www.answering-islam.org/Quran/Text/
The Bible is without error:
|The Koran will never perish:||The Written Word of God, the Bible, is eternal:|
On Murder, Violence, War & Oppression
|On Murder and Violence:|
Islam both allows and forbids murder and violence, depending on who is the recipient of the act.
Jesus and Paul both reiterated the Old Testament prohibition against murder:
Murder is listed right alongside sins like sorcery, fornication, robbery.
God destroyed the earth with a flood because of the extent violence had spread:
“You have heard that it was said, ‘You shall love your neighbor, and hate your enemy.’ But I say to you, love your enemies, and pray for those who persecute you in order that you may be sons of your Father who is in heaven…” (Matthew 5:43, 45)
Oppression of the innocent is condemned throughout Scripture:
|Allah himself is really the one slaying them:|
|Jihad is mandatory.|
|“The recompense for an injury is an injury equal thereto (in degree): but if a person forgives and make reconciliation his reward is due from Allah: For (Allah) loves not those who do wrong.” (Koran 42:40)||“You have heard it said, An eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth. But I say unto you, do not resist him who is evil; but whoever slaps you on your right cheek, turn to him the other also. (Matthew 5:38, 39)”|
|It is acceptable to break treaties and obligations with pagans and make war on them whenever strong enough to do so (Koran 9:3).||Treachery and lying are forbidden. (Matthew 5:33-37) Better to suffer wrong than not to keep one’s word. (Proverbs)|
On the Treatment of Women
|Men have authority over women. (Koran 2:228)|
In the home:
Women who disobey should be beaten:
|Spiritually, there is neither male nor female in Christ Jesus. (Galatians 3:28)|
In the home, Scripture outlines the divinely established order.
A woman who knows her husband loves her – having her best interests in mind – has no problem submitting to him.
See also: http://www.dianedew.com/marriage.htm
|Muhammad, who himself had 11 wives, allowed marriage of up to four wives. (Koran 33:51)|
Islam also allows sexual intercourse with one’s slave maids and as many ‘captive’ women as one desires (Koran 4:3) – even if those women are married.
Part of the Koran, however, states that fornication and adultery are sin:
|Adultery and fornication are forbidden. (Genesis 20:9; Exodus 20:14; Deuteronomy 5:18; 23:17, 18; Leviticus 18:20; 2 Samuel 13:12; Matthew 5:27; 14:34; 19:18; Mark 10:19; Luke 18:20; Romans 13:9; 1 Corinthians 6:15; 10:8; James 2:11)|
Sexual immorality is exceedingly “evil” and “wicked.” (Genesis 39:9; Leviticus 19:29; Deuteronomy 22:22-24; 1 Samuel 2:22-23; 1 Corinthians 5:13) It greatly displeases God (Hosea 4:1-2, 11) and provokes Him to anger (Numbers 25:1, 3; Ezekiel 16:26; Colossians 3:5-6). God hates it. (Proverbs 22:14) “For this is a heinous crime” (Job 31:1, 9-12), “villainy” (Jeremiah 29:22-23) and filthiness (Revelation 17:4). “They know not the light” but “are in the terrors of the shadow of death” (Job 24:15-17). It is “the way of hell;” “the dead are there” (Proverbs 7:27; 9:13-18).
The words of anyone who defends such “unfruitful works of darkness” (Ephesians 5:3, 11-12) are “contrary to sound doctrine” (1 Timothy 1:9-10).
See also: http://www.dianedew.com/adulforn.htm
|Gambling and drunkenness are prohibited:||Gambling and drunkenness are forbidden:|
On Prayer, Fasting & Worship
|Muslims must recite prayers in praise of Allah five times daily while facing Mecca, the city where Allah revealed the Koran to Muhammad. Prayer must be performed at prescribed hours and in a definite pattern of word and posture.|
Every Muslim – at least “he who can find a way thither” (Surah 3:97) – must make a pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in his/her life: “Fulfill the pilgrimage and the visitation unto God.” (Surah 2:196-197)
|Christianity presents prayer, fasting and worship as arising totally without compulsion or obligation, but wholly from the heart. See the following links:|
|Fasting is required of every Muslim for one month per year. This fast is complete abstinence, during daylight hours, from all food, drink, tobacco and sexual intercourse. ||Fasting is to be done in a manner of humility and secrecy. Matthew 6:16-18 “Moreover when ye fast, be not as the hypocrites, of a sad countenance: for they disfigure their faces, that they may appear unto men to fast. Verily I say unto you, They have their reward. But thou, when thou fastest, anoint thine head, and wash thy face; that thou appear not unto men to fast, but unto thy Father which is in secret…”|
Luke 18:9-14 “And he spake this parable unto certain which trusted in themselves that they were righteous, and despised others: Two men went up into the temple to pray… The Pharisee stood and prayed thus with himself, God, I thank thee, that I am not as other men are… I fast twice in the week, I give tithes… And the publican, standing afar off, would not lift up so much as his eyes unto heaven, but smote upon his breast, saying, God be merciful to me a sinner. I tell you, this man went down to this house justified rather than
the other: for every one that exalteth himself shall be abased; and he that humbleth himself shall be exalted.”
See also: http://www.dianedew.com/fasting.htm
|Abdul Hamid Farid writes that “The Messenger of God used to teach the Muslims, when they set out toward graves, to say, “Peace be to you, O ye of the believers and Muslims dwelling in these abodes! …We beg of God safety for us and for you …May God forgive us and you!…”“(Once) the Prophet of God passed by (certain graves of Al-Madinah. Turning his face toward them, he said, “Peace be to you, O ye dwellers of these tombs! May God forgive us and you! Ye are our forerunners and we are at your heels.”|
Farid also writes: “Ayeshah said that whenever it was her night with the Messenger of God, she noticed that he would set out, in the last watch of the night, toward Baqi and (there) he would say: “Peace be to you, O ye of the party of believers dwelling in these abodes! That which was promised unto you for the morrow hath reached you. Ye were given respite. And behold, if God will, we shall met you. O God! Forgive Thou these inmates of Baqi-al-Gharqad [the burial ground at Al-Madinah].”
|Contacting or praying to the dead (“necromancy”) is forbidden by God in the Christian Scriptures (Deuteronomy 18:10, 11). God calls it an “abomination.” Also see: 1 Samuel 28:3-20; 2 Chronicles 10:13, 14; Isaiah 8:19-22. The punishment for contacting the dead is very severe.|
*In 50 years, Islam has grown from one-seventh to one-fifth of the world population.