Living and precious, the earth plays an essential role in our garden. So, before even thinking about planting, let's learn to listen to it, to enrich it and to protect it so that it gives the best of itself.
1) Preserve the ecosystem
Taking care of the soil is one of the fundamental principles of Permaculture Education that has revolutionized our approach to gardening. Yet the soil in our gardens has too often been neglected, abused and even poisoned by aggressive practices. Pesticides, weed killers, chemical fertilizers and deep ploughing end up taking all life away from these soils considered to be simple growing media. It is, therefore, our soil that must be taken care of as a priority, even before pampering the plants that it must nourish for Syntropic Gardening Queensland.
2) Learn to listen to it
Is your soil compact, sticking to your finger and hardening in summer? No doubt, it is clayey. To improve it, bring it manure and compost. It is light, does not form a cold and dries up quickly: it is sandy soil. It then requires organic matter or even a limestone amendment if it turns out to be too acidic. Your soil, on the other hand, is chalky, very dry in summer and muddy in winter: it is limestone.
Complete fertilizer and organic amendments (manure, potting soil, and humus) will be welcome for Permaculture Land Sale. If it is dark, easy to work and is full of water: it is acid earth. Improve drainage and add fertilizers rich in phosphorus and potash. T o find out more, perform a soil test to correct any deficiencies.
3) Understand its mechanisms
Bacteria in the soil fix the nitrogen essential for plant growth. Microscopic fungi help plants to absorb water and nutrients. Finally, earthworms and other soil animals dig tunnels that aerate and fertilize the earth. Hence the importance of the contributions of organic matter to the surface which will be buried by these little animals. So, in your vegetable garden, let unharvested vegetables and their tops decompose on the spot according to Syntropic Farming Community. In this case, you will no longer need to spike your vegetables with fertilizers since the earth has more than enough to feed them.
Finally, in order not to exhaust it unnecessarily and to avoid the appearance of diseases, respect the crop rotation. Wait four years before planting onions, cabbages or strawberries in the same place. Also, avoid replanting vegetables from the same family on the same plot for Syntropic Farming Queensland. Example: peas, lentils, beans of the Fabaceae family will not follow one another in the same location.
4) Torking smoothly
According to Permaculture Community digging your garden is bad for your back and especially for the earth. By turning it over, you upset the complex organizations of the microorganisms that make it live. To prepare your vegetable garden, go to the germinate. This garden fork, with three or five tines, aerates and loosens the soil gently. It is ecological and ergonomic.
The Permaculture Teacher taught us that to break up the surface crusts that suffocate the earth, just use a hoe. Likewise, avoid walking in your flower beds so as not to compact the wet soil.