Already at the beginning of the century it was discovered that wphy 42 fittings, nickel and chromium alloy steel had corrosion resistance characteristics. In 1912, thanks to a special heat treatment, the maximum degree of resistance was achieved, combined with good mechanical properties.
The names V2A and V4A were created at the time, V stands for experiment (Versuch, in German) and A for austenite, and are still used today as synonyms for stainless steel. The nomenclature used for a694 f65 fittings internationally is 18/10 or 18/8, which indicates the most common alloy of chromium, nickel and stainless steel. The DIN standardized numerical designation is used among specialists to accurately distinguish stainless steels, e.g. stainless steel fasteners.
PROPERTIES AND ADVANTAGES OF THE MATERIAL
- The alloy steel fittings are acid-resistant austenitic steel, which thanks to its low carbon content shows excellent resistance to corrosion. It is tested to withstand temperatures up to 300 degrees Celsius. Steel is resistant to water, water vapor, humidity, food acids and weak organic and inorganic acids.
All the advantages of stainless steel at a glance:
Resistant to temperatures
Requires low maintenance
Long lasting STEEL?
Stainless steel asme b16.9 fittings owes its resistance to corrosion thanks to a simple chemical reaction: Thanks to the chromium content of the steel, in combination with the oxygen of the air or water, a very thin passivating film is formed which protects against all aggressive substances. If the alloy steel flanges film is damaged, it reforms from the steel matrix. Corrosion resistance of stainless steel stub end is closely linked by the chromium content. It can be increased by using nickel and molybdenum or other alloys.
Furthermore, the corrosion resistance of asme b16.11 threaded fittings depends on the surface: the smoother and more homogeneous the greater its corrosion resistance. In particular, the inclusions or sedimentations of, for example, rust or dust particles coming from the manufacturing process can produce local corrosions which extend rapidly at en 1092-1.
THE FOLLOWING TYPES OF CORROSION OCCUR ON STAINLESS STEEL:
- a) Intergranular corrosion
This type of corrosion is due to the precipitation of chromium carbides in critical form at the edges of the ANSI B16.5 Flange. This causes a depletion of chromium in the adjacent areas and the disappearance of the passivating effect. Materials 1.4541, 1.4571 and 1.4435 can be classified as resistant to intergranular corrosion.
- b) Corrosion by pitting
This type of corrosion eliminates the passivating layer in certain points and consequently holes are formed on the surface of Stainless steel blind flange. Pitting corrosion is mainly caused by halide ions, in particular chlorine ions. This type of corrosion can occur more intensely in areas that are found in water in residual waters, that is, where more chlorine and chloride ions are found.
- c) Contact corrosion
It is a very common type of corrosion that occurs when two metallic materials with different potentials come into contact in the presence of an electrolyte. The less noble metal like stainless steel weld neck flange is attacked by the electrolyte and goes into solution. The degree of corrosion depends on the size of the current flowing in this galvanic element.