It can be difficult to grow cannabis, especially if your experience is limited in commercial cultivation. You need to think about light cycles, humidity and watering schedules. The most important decision is made before you even start planting.
The first step in growing marijuana plants is to choose the right seeds. The cultivation goals of a cultivator can make it difficult to choose the right seeds. Here is a quick overview of common marijuana seeds and how they can be used.
How Cannabis Reproduces
It is important to first understand how cannabis reproduction occurs. The dioecious cannabis is both a male and female version of the plant. Male cannabis plants can pollinate females by growing together.
This ensures that the plant grows in the wild. To grow potent marijuana, however, cannabis cultivators will need to avoid pollination. sensimilla is the name for high-quality marijuana available in modern dispensaries. This stands for without seeds. These are female plants that have not been pollinated. Sensimilla plants can be grown without fertilization. They produce more resin, and therefore more overall cannabinoids, and terpenes. It is important to get rid of male plants if you are growing marijuana for dispensary use. Feminized seeds can be used to prevent male plants.
What are Feminized Cannabis Seeds and How Do They Work?
If the flowering stage is too long, female plants will try to pollinate their own flowers by producing male-like pollen sacs. Rodelization is the use of the pollen from hermaphroditic females to flower other female plants. It can reduce the possibility for male plants. The feminized seeds will be produced by a female plant that has been pollinated by a hermaphroditic male. It is extremely unlikely that the seeds will carry male genetics.
A second way to create feminized seed is for cultivators to spray their female plants with a chemical called coloidal silver, or silver thiosulfate. This encourages the plant's development of pollen sacs.
You can either buy feminized cannabis seeds from a retailer or create them yourself. However, feminization isn't foolproof. Sometimes, feminized seeds can still produce male plants. Be sure to be aware of this so you don't have an unintentional male plant polluting your entire crop.
What are Autoflowering Cannabis Seeds?
The majority of cannabis plants are photosperiod. This means that they need specific light cycles in order to move from their vegetative stage into their flowering stage. This can be done by artificial light manipulation indoors or seasonal outdoor planting, which is common around April.
Autoflowering seeds, however, will reach their flowering stage once they are mature, regardless of the time of year. Autoflowering seeds are made from a rare strain called cannabis ruderalis. This strain was developed in northern climates that have long summer days. Ruderalis plants have lower cannabinoid levels, so autoflowering seeds are usually crossed with an indica or sativa strain.
Although autoflowering seeds produce smaller plants and lower yields, some growers find that this is offset by the benefits of consistent harvest times and the ability for the plant to be grown outdoors all year.
How to Germinate Seeds
No matter if a cultivator uses regular or feminized cannabis seeds, seeds must be germinated before they can be planted.
Seed Germination is the process of a seed germinating. Many plants will germinate seeds after they have been planted. Because cannabis seeds are fragile, it is necessary to use a special method for germinating them.
There are many ways to germinate weed seed. This is the simplest and most cost-effective way to germinate weed seeds. Simply place your seeds between two damp paper towels and let them rest in a warm area for a few days. The seed will be ready when it sprouts white hairs.
What are Cannabis Clones
Some commercial cannabis plants are not from seeds. Sometimes, growers can create a copy.
The process begins by taking a cut from an existing cannabis plant. Next, the clipping is taken from an existing cannabis plant and then it is transferred to new soil where it can grow roots and become a new plant. This method ensures that plants grown in this manner will be genetically identical with the original clipped plant. Cloning plants not only saves money on seeds but also allows growers to reproduce desirable genetic profiles more consistently.
Tips for Growing Marijuana
These four tips will help you maximize your yields and increase your chances of a successful harvest after you have selected the right seeds for your operation.
- Use the Optimal Soil
- You must water your indoor cannabis plants every 2 to 3 days. The watering schedule for outdoor plants will vary depending on the amount of rainfall. It is possible to water if the soil becomes dry or the leaves start to droop.
- Monitor Humidity Levels. Indoor plants allow the cultivator to control more environmental factors like humidity. Indoor plants require a humidity level between 40% and 50%.
- Companion plants can help keep pests away: Outdoor grow operations are often plagued by pest problems. You can help prevent pests by growing companion plants such as basil, alfalfa, and dill.