Breast cancer affects the breast when cells grow abnormally and turn into a mass or lump called a tumor. Like any other cancer early detection and diagnosis helps in reducing the risk of its severity.
If you have breast cancer you can consult with your cancer specialist in Siliguri. Remember, if you are diagnosed at an early stage you will be able to prevent it from spreading to other parts of your body and forming new tumors.
Read below to understand the main causes behind breast cancer and the symptoms that indicate the presence of these cancerous cells.
Types Of Breast Cancer & Who Are At Higher Risk?
Breast cancer is most likely to occur in women over 50 years of age and rarely affects men. Some of the most common types of breast cancer are:
- Infiltrating (invasive) ductal carcinoma
- Ductal carcinoma in situ
- Infiltrating (invasive) lobular carcinoma
- Lobular carcinoma in situ
- Triple-negative breast cancer
- Inflammatory breast cancer
- Paget’s disease of the breast
Early Signs of Breast Cancer
Symptoms of breast cancer differ from person to person but cancer specialists in Durgapur point out the following as the most common signs:
- Change in the size and shape of the breast
- Formation of a lump in the breast as small as a pea
- Thickening near the underarm or near the breast
- Change in the look and feel of the skin on the breast and nipple
- Redness in the breast skin or nipple
- A marble-like hard is under the breast skin
- Discharge of fluid from the nipple
What Causes A Breast Cancer?
- Gender: Women are at a higher risk of developing breast cancer as compared to men.
- Age: Women above the age of 55 years are more likely to face complications of breast cancer.
- Genetics: Someone whose parents, siblings, or close family member has been diagnosed with breast cancer is at a higher risk of breast cancer.
- Obesity: Abnormal weight and increased fat increase the chances of breast cancer.
- Smoking & Alcohol: Use of tobacco or drinking alcohol on a regular basis puts one at a higher risk of contracting breast cancer.
- Exposure to Radiation: Too much exposure to radioactive waves in the head, chest, or neck area can put you at risk of breast cancer.
- Hormone Replacement Therapy: Those who have undergone hormone replacement therapy are more likely to suffer from breast cancer.
How Breast Cancer Is Diagnosed?
A medical practitioner usually suggests certain tests to check for the risk of breast cancer. These are the followings:
- Positron Emission Tomography (PET) scanning
- Magnetic Resource Imaging (MRI)
Any abnormalities detected in the above tests will lead your best cancer specialist in Siliguri to send your breast tissue for biopsy in the medical labs.
How Breast Cancer Is Treated?
Some of the common types of breast surgery performed to treat the cancerous tissues and tumors in the breast are:
- Sentinel node biopsy
- ALND(axillary lymph node dissection)
- Modified radical mastectomy
- Radical mastectomy
While the survival rate of breast cancer is high, doctors recommend getting routine mammograms to rule out the possibility of growing breast cancer.