Referring to a source is not a crime, but using someone else work under your name definitely is. To ensure not to commit such a crime, you must cite the source you have referred to. You must be aware of referencing and its various style. It is a challenging task to achieve; therefore, students want someone to “do my assignment”. So, in this article, there is everything you need to know about the Harvard referencing style, have a look:
What Is Harvard Referencing Style?
Harvard referencing is one of the most frequently used citation styles in UK. It is generally used to cite the sources in the assignments. This style is used in two writing areas: in text and in the reference list. Generally, each of the authors' names that appear in the text must also be included in the reference list. In this referencing style, the author and the year are cited in text. Moreover the full details are mentioned in the reference list at the end. This citation style also dictates the format of the document, which includes font size, margins and more.
Bonus: General Formatting Guidelines for Harvard Style
l Leave 1-inch margins from all sides.
l Times New Roman or Arial 12 pt. are the recommended fonts for writing.
l Have to use double spacing between the two lines.
l The alignment of the text is always to the left side.
l The first line of each paragraph must be indented by 0.5.
l A title is present in the centre of the first page before the content.
l Page numbers are in the header of the page.
l The paper may include subheadings, a title page, an outline and a list of references.
So, let us move forward and look at the two ways of Harvard referencing:
Harvard In-Text Citation
The in-text citation appears in brackets beside any paraphrase or quotation of a source. It includes the last name of the author or the authors, along with the publication year. It also includes the page numbers or the range which locates the passage referenced. There are some basic rules to follow when citing your sources in this style. Some of them are mentioned below:
Cite All The Sources
You must provide a citation to all the sources you have referred to collect the information while creating your assignment.
Mention Authors In The Text
If you are stating the author’s name in the text, never include it in parentheses. In addition, do not use “&”; instead, use “and”.
In this referencing style, always put quotation marks if you have used the exact words from a source. In addition, give the page number in your in-text citation.
Various Sources in One Citation
If you are sourcing several sources in only one set of parentheses, you must list them in the same order as in the reference list and to separate them, use a semicolon.
Creating a Harvard Reference List
In Harvard citation style, a referencing list or the bibliography appears at the end of the document. It includes a list of all the sources you have used in alphabetical order by the last name of the author. It also gives the complete information to the reader to look at them if they want to. Some pre-defined rules need to be kept in mind while creating a referencing list. Have a look at them:
A referencing list should always be in alphabetical order, with the first letter of the first work of every reference. Although, if the entry starts with the articles a, an, and the, you have to ignore them and consider the first letter of the next word.
In Harvard referencing style, each point of the bibliography must begin from a new line. They should be left aligned and should not be indented at all. Sometimes all this confuses a student; therefore, they ask someone to do my assignment.
In book chapters, articles from the web and the titles of the books, the first letter should be in the capital. Other than these, in scientific newspapers or journals, all the main words of their titles should be capitalized other than articles, prepositions etc.
Bonus: Commonly Used Abbreviations
There are some abbreviations used while referencing a source. Some of them are listed below:
l c. = circa (about, approximately in time)
l ed. = edition
l et al. = and others
l ch. = chapter
l para; paras = paragraph
l fig; figs = figure
l p. = page
l pt; pts = part
l rev = revised
l ill; ills = illustrator
l suppl = Supplement
Referencing Sources With No Author or Date
At times, you do not have all the information for reference. Therefore, you need to use some different ways to cite your sources, have a look:
With no author
When a source lacks clear identification of an author, there will be an appropriate corporate source present. It will be the organization responsible for the particular source, and you have to credit it only.
With no date
When a source lacks a publication date, as in the case of constant updation like Wikipedia, one should use the words: “no date” while referencing.
It was all about one of the most commonly used referencing styles that is Harvard referencing style. You must have gotten thorough information on citing with this format. This article includes the rules and methods used to reference your sources. However, if you still have questions like who will do my assignment? There are several service providers to help you.